Who is Muhammad?
Muhammad, peace be upon him, is the last of Allah's Messengers and Prophets. His name is Muhammad, son of Abdullah, son of Abdul-Muttalib, peace be upon him. His lineage is traced back to Ibraheem, peace be upon him, the Friend of Allah. He was born in Makkah in 570 AC. Due to the fine reputation he enjoyed among his people, they nicknamed him “the Trustworthy.” At the age of 40, he was endowed with Prophethood when Allah, the Exalted, revealed to him, through the angel Gabriel, the first Qur'anic verses, and asked him to preach the Oneness of Allah and warn people against polytheism.
|Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet) in Medina, Saudi Arabia|
The Makkan polytheists opposed him and threatened his few followers harshly, but that did not shake his faith nor cause his steadfastness to waiver, nor did it stop more people from responding to his preaching. Finally, when the majority of the people of Madinah embraced Islam, the Makkan Muslims took flight to Madinah. Later on, the Messenger of Allah himself migrated to Madinah to establish there the Islamic Nation. A few years later, the polytheists of Makkah and their allies succumbed to the growing power of the Muslims, and through the mercy of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, Makkah was liberated without violence. Some thirty years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him, Islam had already spread throughout the world and displaced the two greatest empires at the time; the Persian and the Roman.